posted on June 19, 2013 09:59
Constitution Day, celebrated on May 3rd is the most important civil holiday for Polish people. It celebrates the declaration of world’s second constitution, signed in 1791. As the first constitution in Europe, the Constitution of May 3rd is the one of the most significant tributes to Polish history.
Originally the Constitution was created to redress the relations of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Its aim was also to foster the system of reforms started by Polish King Stanisław August Poniatowski. Moreover, the new legislation was to give rights to all citizens and for the first time included peasants. It limited the rights of nobles and separated the balance of powers between the three branches of government. As Poland regained independence in 1918, the civil holiday remained, but the Soviet occupation after World War II made it an occasion for anti-government demonstrations.
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